Winter Olympic Games
Participating Countries: United Sates of America (USA)
The most medals by an American athlete at the Winter Olympics is six by speed skater Bonnie Blair.
Only four athletes have ever won medals at both the Winter and Summer Olympic Games, including Eddie Eagan of United States. Eddie was part of America's bobsleigh team in 1932, led by Billy Fiske, which won the gold. Eddie was also a boxing champion in the 1920 Games. Eagan remains the only person to have won gold medals in both the Summer and Winter Games.
The first Winter Olympic gold medallist was Charlew Jewtraw, from Lake Placid in the United States, when he won the 500 meters speed skating title.
- Due to an error in computing the scores, American Anders Haugen was placed in fourth in ski jumping, behind Norway's Thorleif Haug. This error was not discovered until 1974, at which time Haugen was awarded the bronze in a special ceremony.
- Eddie Eagan won gold in the team bobsled event, adding to his boxing gold medal he won at the 1920 Summer Olympic Games.
1948 St Moritz
- American John Heaton won the silver in the Skeleton, as he had done the previous time the vent was held, 20 years earlier.
Cortina d'Ampezzo 1956
- The USA sweep five of the six medals in individual figure skating, the lone exception being Austria's Ingrid Wendl's who won a bronze.
Squaw Valley 1960
- The U.S. ice hockey team won the gold for the first time, upsetting both the Canadian and Soviet teams.
- Peggy Fleming won America's only gold medal at these Games, in figure skating.
Lake Placid 1980
- American Eric Heiden won all five speed skating events, the first time that was ever done.
- the USA ice hockey team pulled off an upset victory over the heavy favorites USSR in the match now called the 'Miracle on Ice'. (see video)
- The first black athlete to win a Winter Olympic medal was Debi Thomas of the United States, finishing third in figure skating at the 1988 Games in Calgary.
Bonnie Blair of the USA won two speed skating gold medals, which made her America's most successful Olympic woman with five gold medals from three Games.
- 15-year-old American figure skater Tara Lipinski became the youngest athlete to win a gold medal at the Winter Games.
- American Picabo Street shrugged off debilitating injuries to win the gold medal in the Super G.
Salt Lake City 2002
The first black athlete to earn winter games gold medal was USA's Vonetta Flowers in the women's bobsleigh